Picasso’s less familiar works include the sets and costumes he designed for modern ballets, which gave him the opportunity to create his largest painting, as well as mobile works of modern art.
Donlon Dance Company in Parade ballet, 2009— Photo by Holger Badekow
Picasso’s most famous contribution to the ballet is his collaboration with Serge Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes on Parade, a 1917 ballet about circus life for which Picasso designed all the sets and costumes.
Pablo Picasso, Chinese Conjurer Costume for Parade ballet, 1917, Victoria and Albert Museum, London
This costume was used on the cover of the ballet’s program, in a watercolor version also by Picasso:
Pablo Picasso, Chinese Conjurer from Parade ballet, 1917, Victoria and Albert Museum, London — © ADAGP Paris and DACS London
And the inside of the program featured Picasso’s watercolor of the costume for one of the Acrobats:
Parade is also the source of Picasso’s largest painting, the ballet’s stage curtain:
Pablo Picasso, Stage Curtain — Parade ballet, 1917, Centre Pompidou, Paris
Lachmann, Picasso [with a hat] and his Assistants Sitting on Parade Stage Curtain, 1917, Musée Picasso, Paris — © RMN-Grand Palais / Madeleine Coursaget
He also worked on the Ballets Russes’ The Three-Cornered Hat in 1919 and Pulcinella in 1920:
Pablo Picasso, set design for The Three-Cornered Hat, 1919, Musée Picasso, Paris
Bolshoi performance of The Three-Cornered Hat with Picasso’s set and costumes, 2005 — © Bolshoi Moscow
Europa Danse performance of Pulcinella with Picasso’s set and costumes, 2007 — © M.Loginov
At the time, Picasso was not the only major visual artist creating for modern ballets. Other contributors include painters Fernand Léger, Francis Picabia and Giorgio de Chirico, photographers and film-makers such as Man Ray and René Clair, as well as writers such as Jean Cocteau, which perfectly illustrates the diversity of influences shaping modern art forms at the beginning of the 20th century.